April Cancer Awareness Part 1: Testicular Cancer Awareness

April is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month

Testicular Cancer– When normal cells in one or both testicles change and grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor.

Facts about Testicular Cancer:

  • Most tumors develop in germ cells which make sperm. Hence they are called germ cell tumors
  • Testicular cancer is divided in to two types seminomas and non-seminomas.  Non-seminomas grow more quickly and are more likely to spread.
  • Both types require immediate treatment.
  • It is the most common form of cancer in men ages 15-35 years old.
  • It is one of the most curable cancers if it is detected early.

Improving Treatments for germ cell tumors: http://am.asco.org/improving-treatment-germ-cell-tumors

Risk Factors:

  • Undescended testicles (cryptochordism)
  • Urological birth defects
  • Family History
  • Being a Caucasian male

Signs and Symptoms:

Most common:

  • Lumps, swelling and or pain in scrotum.
  • Usually lumps are painless or mildly uncomfortable so do not wait until it becomes more serious to seek medical attention.
  •  Swelling can happen without a lump being present.
  • Dull ache or pressure in lower abdomen or back.
  • Change of size in testicles.
  • Feeling of heaviness or fullness in the scrotum.
  • Enlargement or tenderness in breasts.

Advanced symptoms:

  • Significant weight loss and/or enlarged abdominal lymph nodes. (Due to growth of tumors)
  • Back pain
  • Chest pain, coughing and difficultly breathing.
  • Coughing up blood ( Due to tumors in the lungs)
  • Enlargement of lymph nodes in abdomen and/or neck.

Prevention:  A monthly self exam for all men over the age of 14. The exam is best performed after a bath or shower as it relaxes the scrotum making it easier to spot abnormalities.

Helpful Links:





Also if you haven’t already read the previous posts please take the time out to go read!





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