April is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month
Testicular Cancer– When normal cells in one or both testicles change and grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor.
Facts about Testicular Cancer:
- Most tumors develop in germ cells which make sperm. Hence they are called germ cell tumors
- Testicular cancer is divided in to two types seminomas and non-seminomas. Non-seminomas grow more quickly and are more likely to spread.
- Both types require immediate treatment.
- It is the most common form of cancer in men ages 15-35 years old.
- It is one of the most curable cancers if it is detected early.
Improving Treatments for germ cell tumors: http://am.asco.org/improving-treatment-germ-cell-tumors
- Undescended testicles (cryptochordism)
- Urological birth defects
- Family History
- Being a Caucasian male
Signs and Symptoms:
- Lumps, swelling and or pain in scrotum.
- Usually lumps are painless or mildly uncomfortable so do not wait until it becomes more serious to seek medical attention.
- Swelling can happen without a lump being present.
- Dull ache or pressure in lower abdomen or back.
- Change of size in testicles.
- Feeling of heaviness or fullness in the scrotum.
- Enlargement or tenderness in breasts.
- Significant weight loss and/or enlarged abdominal lymph nodes. (Due to growth of tumors)
- Back pain
- Chest pain, coughing and difficultly breathing.
- Coughing up blood ( Due to tumors in the lungs)
- Enlargement of lymph nodes in abdomen and/or neck.
Prevention: A monthly self exam for all men over the age of 14. The exam is best performed after a bath or shower as it relaxes the scrotum making it easier to spot abnormalities.
Also if you haven’t already read the previous posts please take the time out to go read!