January is Cervical Cancer Awareness Month.
Cervical Cancer- Starts in a woman’s cervix. It begins when normal cells on the surface of the cervix change and grow uncontrollably forming a mass called a tumor.
There are two main types of cervical cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. They are named by the cells where the cancer starts. Other types of cervical cancer are rare. Squamous cell carcinoma makes up about 80% to 90% of all cervical cancers. Adenocarcinoma makes up 10%-20% of all cervical cancers.
Signs & Symptoms:
Most women do not have any signs or symptoms of a precancer or early stage cervical cancer. In most cases the symptoms do not appear until the cancer has spread to other tissues and organs.
- Blood spots or light bleeding between or following periods
- Menstrual bleeding that is longer and heavier than usual
- Bleeding after intercourse, douching or a pelvic examination
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Bleeding after menopause
- Increased vaginal discharge
Prevention: Getting an annual physical examination, pap tests and pelvic examinations
Helpful Links: http://www.cervicalcanceraction.org/home/home.php